President Obama released his “National Security Strategy” last week, which, according to the White House website “lays out a strategic approach for advancing American interests, including the security of the American people, a growing U.S. economy, support for our values, and an international order that can address 21st century challenges.”
From a citizen engagement/preparedness perspective, the Strategy document offers some encouraging objectives. However, there are few specifics on what and how the Administration plans to attain them, particularly in the area of informing and engaging the general public on terrorism.
In some ways, the public is central to overall document. A major theme of the Strategy is that the stronger the nation when it comes to our economy, educational system, ability to innovate, and civic values the stronger and more secure we will be.Â But on the more specific topics of citizen involvement in homeland security, there are several points in the section, “Strengthen Security and Resilience at Home”:
Empowering Communities to Counter Radicalization: Several recent incidences of violent extremistsÂ in the United States who are committed to fighting here and abroad have underscored the threat toÂ the United States and our interests posed by individuals radicalized at home. Our best defenses againstÂ this threat are well informed and equipped families, local communities, and institutions. The FederalÂ Government will invest in intelligence to understand this threat and expand community engagementÂ and development programs to empower local communities. And the Federal Government, drawingÂ on the expertise and resources from all relevant agencies, will clearly communicate our policies andÂ intentions, listening to local concerns, tailoring policies to address regional concerns, and making clearÂ that our diversity is part of our strengthâ€”not a source of division or insecurity.
This type of targeted public outreach has been going on to some extent particularly in areas with significant Muslim populations including here in New York City.
Improve Resilience Through Increased Public-Private Partnerships: When incidents occur, we must showÂ resilience by maintaining critical operations and functions, returning to our normal life, and learningÂ from disasters so that their lessons can be translated into pragmatic changes when necessary. TheÂ private sector, which owns and operates most of the nationâ€™s critical infrastructure, plays a vital role inÂ preparing for and recovering from disasters. We must, therefore, strengthen public-private partnershipsÂ by developing incentives for government and the private sector to design structures and systems thatÂ can withstand disruptions and mitigate associated consequences, ensure redundant systems whereÂ necessary to maintain the ability to operate, decentralize critical operations to reduce our vulnerabilityÂ to single points of disruption, develop and test continuity plans to ensure the ability to restore criticalÂ capabilities, and invest in improvements and maintenance of existing infrastructure.
â€œI applaud President Obamaâ€™s inclusion of resilience in the new National Security Strategy. This marks an important step forward by acknowledging the vital role that citizens, companies, and communities can and must play in dealing with the evolving terrorism threat highlighted by the recent Times Square attack and the ongoing risk of natural disasters. I sincerely hope this new strategy inspires a revitalized national effort to better integrate the role of everyday Americans and the private sector into security and preparedness planning.â€
A third part of that section relates to all members of the public:
Engage with Communities and Citizens: We will emphasize individual and community preparedness and resilience through frequent engagement that provides clear and reliable risk and emergency information to the public. A key part of this effort is providing practical steps that all Americans canÂ take to protect themselves, their families, and their neighbors. This includes transmitting informationÂ through multiple pathways and to those with special needs. In addition, we support efforts to develop a nationwide public safety broadband network. Our efforts to inform and empower Americans and their communities recognize that resilience has always been at the heart of the American spirit.
As I have written previously, the Administration has definitely said the right things and has made initial efforts to communicate and reach out to the public. The challenge will be to concretely determine what “resilience” means for the average citizen and to make good on the promise of “frequent engagement” to provide “clear and reliable risk and emergency information to the public.”
The Obama Administration’s “National Security Strategy” document released last week.