I had promised to respond to some of the questions sent in by listeners on the “Brian Lehrer Show” website which we didn’t get to during the shows.
As a nation, we rarely talk about citizen preparedness publicly. Based on the phone and online reaction to the shows, it is clear that there is a lot of interest and uncertainty about the subject among the population. Yet, at present, there is no place for the public to ask those questions and get them answered. So, if I can help fill that gap a bit, I’m going to try to do so on this site and through other platforms.
A post from ‘Steven from Brooklyn’ is reflective of a sentiment I heard during the series:
Consider that if itâ€™s an event like a hurricane which you guys kept mentioning, thereâ€™s plenty of time to pack a go bag rather than grabbing the one with the stale chocolate bar in it. If itâ€™s an event like 9-11, you probably wonâ€™t be near your go bag. And if itâ€™s a (oh I donâ€™t know, say) a dirty bomb or something like that, the real problem will be getting out of the city. It wonâ€™t much matter if youâ€™ve got a â€œgo bagâ€ when you have nowhere to go.
On WNYC, we focused a lot of attention on making ‘go-bags’. But as Steven points out, what good is a ‘go-bag’ if you don’t have a place to go. Fair point. The reason we suggested making a ‘go-bag’ is that it is a relatively easy and tangible way for citizens to begin the preparedness process. But it is only one part.
There is a need for people to begin thinking about what they would do in the event of an emergency. That might mean ’sheltering in place’ at home or at the office, it might mean going to a shelter or in an extreme case it might mean evacuating your area.
However, in order for citizens to think about their evacuation (or stay in place) plans, they need the authorities to provide more information. There has to be some broader discussion about what are the scenarios we all might face and what would are options be. The government will not be able to provide detailed and accurate instructions for every citizen in every type of emergency, because it will depend on the situation at hand. However, that doesn’t mean that there shouldn’t be more openness about some of the most likely cases. So, when something happens, it is not the first time people are hearing about it. According to a recent New York City Office of Emergency Management survey, only 11% of New Yorkers say they know what to do in the event of a terror attack and 12% in a hurricane. The national numbers are even more anemic.
One valuable outgrowth of such a dialogue is that it would better aligh citizen expectations with the reality of government capability and put more of the responsibility with the public itself. In fact, a post from ‘Superf88′ is reflective of that public uncertainty about evacuation which needs to be addressed:
A few years ago during the power outages I was assuming that Homeland Security would be activating a system I had assumed they had established after a couple years in existence — which entailed private and government boats to evacuate folks from Manhattan to “mainland.” After all, I can’t imagine what *else* this homeland security could even do. Silly me — but do you know if such a system is yet in place?
‘Jeff from Manhattan’ posted a question that I hear a lot and asked myself at one point. In fact, it was the question that got me into this topic, the book and ultimately this blog.
Do you recommend getting potassium iodine in case of radiological attack and if so where do you recommend getting it?
After 9/11, there was a lot of discussion about Potassium Iodine (KI) as something that could be taken to deal with radiation. To learn more on the prompting of my wife, I visited Department of Homeland Security’s website Ready.Gov
“If there is a significant radiation threat, health care authorities may or may not advise you to take potassium iodide. Potassium iodide is the same stuff added to your table salt to make it iodized. It may or may not protect your thyroid gland, which is particularly vulnerable, from radioactive iodine exposure. Plan to speak with your health care provider in advance about what makes sense for your family”
So I asked my doctor about it. He told me that he didn’t suggest storing potassium iodide, because he didn’t think terrorists had the capability to deliver a nuclear attack (my italics). Now, I love my doctor but I went to him — and DHS recommended I do so — for his medical advice not his geopolitical analysis. Not making a firm recommendation will only lead to more confusion. Most experts I’ve spoken to do not think individuals should store KI less because of the possible threat and more because it will likely be misapplied without proper guidance. But it would be worth asking your doctor for his advice. It is likely that in the event of an attack KI would be distributed by the government. These are questions we need to be asking our elected officials and public health authorities so they provide us with the answers in advance rather than during an emergency.
What you should have an extra supply of is any prescription medicine that you need. However, that is not always easy to do under many insurance plans. Officials tell me that they are discussing the possibility of getting the companies to relax those restrictions if an event was imminent. That is obviously not ideal, but it would be better than the current situation.